Certain processes that have a potential to release substances to air (for example concrete batching plants, quarries, petrol stations, pet food manufacturers etc.) require a permit to operate under the provisions of the Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) Regulations 2012. The permit will specify what controls must be in place to minimise releases from the process to acceptable standards.
Section 12 states that you can only operate a ‘regulated facility’ when an environmental permit has been applied for and granted.
The granting of a permit depends on criteria being met and the appropriate application fee having been paid. A permit, if granted, will contain conditions that must be complied with. An Environmental Permit will legally require the payment of an annual subsistence charge.
There are three tiers of regulation under the Pollution Prevention and Control Act 1999.
- Part A1 (Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control – IPPC) installations involve activities that can result in the release of substances to land, air or water (or a combination of all). These installations are usually large and complex and are regulated by the Environment Agency.
- Part A2 (Local Authority – Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control - LA-IPPC) installations, like Part A1, involve activities that can result in the release of substances to land, air or water, but tend not to be as large or as complex as Part A1 processes. These installations are regulated by us.
- Part B (Local Authority Pollution Prevention and Control – LAPPC) installations involve activities where only releases to air are relevant, and are regulated by us.
It is the aim of each of these regulatory regimes to prevent emissions, or where this is not practically possible, reduce them to acceptable standards.
Part 2 of Schedule 1 of the Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) Regulations 2010 sets out where within the regulatory regime each activity falls.
Apply for a permit
The application form you will need to complete will depend on the type of process you are seeking to permit.
- Environmental Permitting Regulations (.pdf)
- Defra: Guidance on the permitting regime, together with specific process guidance notes
- Welsh Government: Application requirements and subsistence fees (which are set nationally)
Page updated on: 02/02/2018
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