Local Biodiversity Action Plan
The Government has identified UK Biodiversity Action Plan habitats and species of principal importance. These are listed under Section 42 of the Countryside & Rights of Way Act 2000 and are habitats and species that require conservation action. They are part of what makes Carmarthenshire special and distinctive.
The Carmarthenshire Local Biodiversity Action Plan (LBAP) focuses on local action that meets the objectives for each habitat and species within the plan. These broad aims of the Carmarthenshire LBAP are as follows:
- To maintain and enhance the biodiversity of Carmarthenshire through the preparation and implementation of individual action plans, covering a range of selected habitats and species which reflect both national and local priorities;
- To develop effective local partnerships to co-ordinate and deliver biodiversity action in Carmarthenshire; To raise public awareness of the importance of conserving and enhancing Carmarthenshire's biodiversity; and,
- To monitor progress in achieving local biodiversity targets and to report on such progress to a national biodiversity database.
The Wales Biodiversity Partnership (WBP) has drawn up nine habitat groupings and it was agreed that the Carmarthenshire LBAP will follow these groupings. These are: Woodland, Upland Habitats, Freshwater, Wetlands, Farmland, Lowland Grassland and Heathland, Brownfield/Urban, Coastal and Marine habitats and species. Species have been grouped in with habitats as far as possible as often the main action to conserve species is achieved through habitat management. However a number of species will have individual action plans: tree sparrow, lapwing, water vole, grouped bat plan, hedgehog, otter, dormouse, red squirrel, marsh fritillary and brown hairstreak butterflies, small-flowered catchfly, Deptford pink, barn owl (local priority), brown hare, little-ringed plover and amphibians and reptiles.
Habitat actions should look to do one or more of the following: positively manage the habitat and connect and expand where possible. Species actions should aim to expand the range of the population and/or increase the population numbers. Both have objectives which include survey/monitoring, data collection and raising awareness. The plan does not include action towards habitat targets that is undertaken as part of the statutory organisations 'everyday work', e.g. SSSI work, Glastir, planning requirements etc. Mechanisms to report on this work will be developed separately.
If these actions are to succeed, they will require a number of individuals and organisations to work together in partnership - including land owners, government agencies, wildlife conservation groups, local authorities and industry.
The plan is also on in the Biodiversity Action Reporting System (BARS) website, which is available for all to view. You can look at other county BAPs on this site as well.
Nationally the Wales Biodiversity Partnership (WBP) brings together key players from the public, private and voluntary sectors to promote and monitor biodiversity action in Wales. WBP provides a leadership role and an expert steer on priorities for action on biodiversity in Wales.
Locally, the Carmarthenshire Biodiversity Partnership is made up of conservation organisations and ecologists who work in the county. The group meets three times a year and works together on projects to conserve and enhance the counties key habitats and species.
Carmarthenshire Biodiversity Action Plans – a handy guide!