In Wales around 0.2% of the school population has a significant visual impairment. A visual impairment is where vision cannot be fully corrected by wearing glasses/lenses.
However, research suggests that as many as 10% of learners may have an undetected refractive error – meaning that their ability to learn and actively participate in lessons is impaired due to not seeing an optometrist and wearing glasses. So up to 3 children in each class might have their learning affected by reduced vision that has not been picked up.
Signs of visual impairment in children:
- Loss of attention and concentration.
- Frequent daydreaming.
- Poor handwriting.
- Lack of eye contact.
- Loses place when reading.
- Difficulties respecting other children’s personal space.
- Gets tired quickly.
- Needs longer than others to complete tasks.
- Finds it difficult to read small print.
- Finds it difficult to read from the whiteboard.
- Complains frequently of headaches.
- Often rubs their eyes.
- Finds it difficult to copy.
- Overly depends on peer support to complete tasks / get around.
- Finds it difficult to interpret drawings / pictures if the contrast isn’t good.
How will the school help?
Teachers can help children with visual loss in classrooms by:
- Having stimulating learning environments and accessible curriculum materials
- Risk assessing environments to ensure the safety of learners with visual impairments
- Making sure reading material has clear print (Arial font size 14) on A4 paper as a minimum provision (some children will require larger print)
- Differentiation – including alternative equipment and teaching techniques
- Appropriate lighting / blinds to meet the needs of individual children
- Having a clutter free environment, with equipment stored in easily accessible places
- Modifying and adapting educational materials
- Thinking about seating
- Having awareness training on the needs of individual learners
Children, young people, parents or carers should speak to the school initially if they have any questions about the learner’s sight.
The Local Authority has Qualified Teachers of Children with Visual Impairment (QTVIs) and a Mobility / Habilitation Specialist service who are available to assess and support your child’s needs as required. See Specialist Provision.
Children and young people will be supported in different ways according to their needs within the classroom. They may need to work in small groups, sometimes with a teaching assistant to support needs or help identify need. Some children and young people who require additional support will be identified as having additional learning needs through a decision-making process.
Sensory Impairment Manager: Sallie Durbridge, email: firstname.lastname@example.org 01267 246406
The following websites may be useful for more information:
Education & Schools
Find a school
School Admissions and Changing Schools
- Information and guidance for parents
- Apply for a part-time nursery place (3-year olds)
- Apply for a full-time primary school place (4-years olds)
- Apply for a secondary school place (11-year olds)
- Changing schools in the middle of an academic term or year
- Appeals: What to do if you've been refused a school place
- Catchment areas
- Frequently Asked Questions
Additional Learning Needs
- Educational & child psychology
- Specialist provision
- Ability to learn
- Reading and writing
- Number or maths
- Motor Skills
- Speech, Language & Communication
- Severe Learning Difficulties
- Hearing Loss
- Visual Impairment
- Physical and medical problems
- English/Welsh as an Additional Language
- Behavioural, Emotional and Social Skills
- Gypsies and Travellers
- Parent Partnership Service
- Voice of the child / young person
- Additional learning needs: Decision-making process
- Terminology Guide
Emergency school closures
Home schooling - Elective Home Education (EHE)
- English GCSE for adults
- Maths GCSE for adults
- British Sign Language
- Information for learners
- Essential skills in Maths and English
- Digital Literacy Skills
School term dates
- Primary school meals
- Secondary school meals
- Free school meals
- Free breakfast / school milk
- Special diets, allergies and intolerances
- How we source our produce
- Nutritional standards for school meals
- School meals FAQ's
Pendine Outdoor Education Centre
- Duke of Edinburgh Award
- College provision for year 11’s
- Not in education or employment?
- Cam Nesa
Participation and children's rights
School sport & leisure
Carmarthenshire's School Investment Programme
- Primary School Investment
- Secondary School Investment
- BREEAM categories
- Sustainable design - BREEAM
- Schools in Development
- Welsh Government Focused Grants
Education Sir Gâr 2022-2032
- Why do we need this strategy?
- Vision to 2032
- Our desired outcomes 2022-2032
- Link to well-being objectives
- Policy background
Our behaviour impacts everything and everyone
More from Education & Schools